South of the border, there was much hand-wringing that a shortened holiday spending season this year just wouldn’t give our American cousins enough time to shop till they drop.
According to some retail analysts, a late Thanksgiving meant a late Black Friday, viewed as the starting gun for the U.S. Christmas spending frenzy.
Of course, Canadians celebrate Thanksgiving a month earlier and don’t quite have that same special Friday to shop, shop, shop. But there is reason to think the season of retail therapy that is also a phenomenon here will give Bank of Canada governor Stephen Poloz one less reason to cut interest rates.
Most analysts expect Poloz to hold rates steady at 1.75 per cent tomorrow, and sturdy consumer spending is part of the rationale.
In a spending mood
Figures released last week show that despite an overall decline to 1.3 per cent in Canadian GDP, housing, consumer activity, construction and business investment were all holding up well.
Final holiday retail figures don’t come out till the new year, but there are several signs Canadians remain in a spending mood. And that’s despite Retail Council of Canada research that shows 18 per cent of Canadians plan to spend less than they have in the past.
Clearly, what you say to someone taking a survey doesn’t always pan out.
Figures from last year show more than one-quarter (27%) of those surveyed ended up spending more in 2018 than they had planned. Only six per cent spent less.
Overall spending is expected to rise substantially in 2019, says the council’s Michael LeBlanc.
According to Statistics Canada, consumer spending picked up in the three-month period ending in October. We can’t be certain that consumer optimism will continue, but a long run of job creation and growing wages seem to point in that direction.
In the U.S. too consumer spending has been one of the mainstays of the economy, even as trade and business investment weakened.
While frigid weather and storms can drive people away from the shops, a layer of snow — like what landed on parts of the country this week — seems to stimulate the holiday shopping impulse.
Keeping the economy afloat
A spendy holiday season is important to retailers, those who invest in them, and to people who worry whether consumers can keep the economy afloat for a few more months as we wait for what some foresee as an economic revival. A rule of thumb says that one-quarter of overall retail sales during the entire year come in the days before Christmas as people splurge on themselves and others.
There are signs that so long as housing remains on the rise and consumers keep spending, Poloz will be in no mood to cut Canada’s interest rates. As he and his deputy, Carolyn Wilkins, have warned in the past, lower rates that make borrowing cheaper may not be good for Canadians, who, as a group, have already borrowed too much.
If the next round of stimulus must come from fiscal spending, as the OECD has suggested, Poloz may decide to delay rate cuts well into the new year to see what impact government spending will have. (Thursday’s speech from the throne may give a better idea of fiscal spending to come.)
Some economists have said that if Friday’s unemployment numbers show us that the recent trend toward more jobs and fewer jobless is interrupted, it may be the first sign that the Canadian economy really does need a rate cut. So far, retail bank economists have offered wildly different predictions on whether the economy will gain or lose employment this time around.
And in the way that economies are recognized as self-reinforcing, expectations of a bumper holiday retail season will help contribute to economic strength — particularly as retailers shake the branches for extra staff in an economy where workers are, so far, still in short supply.
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